On Nov. 22, 1963, Dallas witnessed the tragic death of one of the most revered presidential figures in our nation's history, President John F. Kennedy. Since that time, Dallas has succeeded in preserving the inspirational legacy the president left behind. The place of his death has since turned into a site of historical commemoration for those who have vivid recollections of the man and the infamous moment.
In 1969, a Kennedy family friend, Philip Johnson, constructed the John F. Kennedy Memorial. This 50 foot square, open-roofed, concrete-walled monument resembles an open tomb. Designed to the specifications expressed by former First Lady Jacquelyn Kennedy Onassis, "John F. Kennedy" is inscribed on the black marble. This memorial is located downtown on Main, Elm, and Market Streets.
In 1989, The Sixth Floor Museum of the Texas School Book Depository opened in downtown Dallas. The exhibit features historic photographs, artifacts, and documentary films, which have taken millions of visitors on a tour through the life, death and legacy of JFK. The sixth floor is the location from which Lee Harvey Oswald allegedly shot and killed the president.
On November 22, 1993, the 30th anniversary of JFK's death, Dealey Plaza was designated a National Historic Landmark. This area includes Dealey Plaza Park, the triple underpass and its bridge, all surrounding buildings and a portion of the rail yards north of Elm Street. Although tragic circumstances surround the designation, the city of Dallas has a great honor in preserving the historic significance of the site.